|Goal 6 - Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases|
Targets and Zimbabwe Trends
HIV and AIDS Prevalence in Pregnant Women
Indications are that the rate declines as the government’s prevention programme scales up interventions. It is not yet possible to quantify the contribution of each factor to the reduction of the disease. The case fatality rate, particularly for the group aged five years and above, has been also been gradually declining since 2004. Zimbabwe has made efforts to control malaria through vector control, ensuring that at-risk households receive sprays and free or subsidized mosquito nets. In 2009, Zimbabwe achieved coverage of 74%, which is not far from the WHO target of 85%.
In relation to the global indicator for the rate of successful TB treatment, Zimbabwe attained a record high of 78% in 2007. However, this is still low in comparison to the global benchmark target of 85% recommended by WHO. Likewise, TB case detection rates have not improved; which continues to hover below 40%, far below the target of 70%.
The MoHCW has made recent moves to improve the diagnosis of TB by revamping the functionality of its 115 diagnostic centres and ensuring that nonfunctioning sites become operative. Joint collaboration between the TB and ART programmes has seen 69% of TB patients accessing HIV testing services and cotrimoxazole preventive therapy.
Other diseases: Cholera
Major challenges in Achieving Goal 6
Cholera and other diarrheal disease outbreaks will continue to occur until the water and sanitation situation improves. Both urban and rural areas are at risk. The breakdown and poor maintenance of water and sanitation infrastructure needs large capital investment to rectify, which a major challenge towards halting and reversing the incidence of diarrheal diseases by 2015.
Requirements for Achieving Goal 6
Factsheet 6 - HIV/AIDS, Malaria
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