|Goal 8 - Develop a Global Partnership for Development|
Sources of statistics: IMF Report 2009, Draft NHDR Report 2007, draft Mid-Term MDG Report 2007, Preliminary MIMS Report 2009, Zimbabwe MDG Report 2004.
Zimbabwe continues to have commitment to the attainment of the MDGs at the highest level. In this regard the whole national MDG process is coordinated under the Poverty Eradication and Social Services Delivery Cabinet Action Committee (PESSA), which is chaired, by the Ministry of Labour and Social Services. On the UN side the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the lead coordinating agency working with government.
However, despite the widespread socio-economic and political hardships there was a general decline in HIV and AIDS prevalence. It is estimated that HIV prevalence among 15-24 year olds declined from 26.5% in 2001 to 15.6% in 2007. This is the first such decline in Southern Africa. Secondly, Zimbabwe had almost achieved universal primary education with an increase in the Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) from 96% in 2000 to 99 % in 2002, but this has since declined to 97% in 2006. The country's economic demise over the years has been exacerbated by the severe brain drain, deterioration of basic services and infrastructure and a rapidly declining quality of education.
In 2008, the political tensions negatively impacted efforts to implement and deliver interventions on poverty reduction, including compounding the efforts at raising resources towards supporting development and social service provisions. The new Inclusive government that came into office in February 2009 has opened new opportunities for dialogue, the scaling up of poverty reduction activities and reaffirming the Government's commitment and support to the achievement of the MDGs.
Targets and Zimbabwe Trends
Status and Trends
Zimbabwe’s very limited access to international finance for development for most of the past decade has led to a reliance on sharply depleted internal resources and humanitarian aid. Currently, its only international reserves consist exclusively of the IMF’s Special Drawing Rights (SDR) from a Global Finance Facility equivalent to US$510 million (SDR 262 million), which is equivalent to about two months’ import cover.
The country’s balance of trade position has suffered from the fall in international commodity prices experienced during the first half of the decade 2000–2010 and the global economic crisis in the latter half. Between 1980 and 2008, exports grew by 0.4% while imports grew by 0.3% a year, which is an indication of significant decline. These disruptions were further accentuated by the ongoing domestic financial crisis. The 2009 account deficit 30% of GDP was increasingly financed by the further accumulation of external payment arrears, the draw-down of dwindling reserves, and short term suppliers’ credits.
Zimbabwe’s deterioration in performance in the export market could be attributed to an overreliance on commodity exports, distortions in foreign exchange market, particularly during the crisis period, and declining competitiveness. On the ease of doing business, Zimbabwe was ranked position 159 out of 183 countries in the 2010 Doing Business Report.
The Inflation Rate, Average Year-on-Year
December, 2008, down to -7.7% in December 2009.
The External Debt Position
Benefits from New Technology
In relation to computing, the number of personal computers in the country has increased, rising from 620,000 in 2003 to 895,000 in 2009. The rate of progress in PC availability has been slow, largely due to ten years of domestic economic crisis.
Economic Partnerships with Strategic Neighbours
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Requirements for Achieving Goal 8
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8 May 2013: With US $ 882,000 support from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Zimbabwe and Zambia agreed to forge a common front in the fight against malaria along their [ ... ]
|Taking MDGs Advocacy to Schools as 2015 Deadline Beckons|
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|Forging cross-border initiatives to curb the spread of malaria in the Zambezi Valley|
Harare, 11 December 2012: The Government of Zimbabwe has welcomed the idea of a “more focused” Zambia-Zimbabwe cross-border malaria initiative advanced by the UNDP-administered gra [ ... ]
|GEPMI Trainees Graduate in a Historic Ceremony|
Harare, 26 November 2012: In a first for Zimbabwe, 73 senior policy makers involved in budgeting planning, policy making, human resources and gender mainstreaming graduated from the inaugural [ ... ]
|UN Supports Establishment of a National Aid and Development Coordination Mechanism as the Medium Term Plan is Reviewed|
Harare, 14 November 2012: The implementation of the MTP provides a great opportunity to revamp the national aid and development results mechanism, UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP R [ ... ]