|About UNDP Zimbabwe|
UNDP partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone.
In Zimbabwe, UNDP's programmatic focus is underpinned on MDG Goal 1: "Eradication of Extreme Poverty and Hunger". In this respect, assisting in the transition from humanitarian relief to early recovery, advocating for dialogue among stakeholders, assisting the country in pro-poor policy formulation and supporting capacity enhancement of national institutions with a strong emphasis on governance and human rights form the core of UNDP's work in Zimbabwe.Informed by these considerations and based on a participatory programming process, the UNDP Country Program Document for Zimbabwe 2007-2009 formulated the following three broad strategic areas as the major focus for the new programming cycle:
These three priority areas of intervention were translated into five specific programme outcomes, which also reflect UNDP's five practice areas. More information of how these outcomes are operationalised through projects/program is to be found under the respective practice areas:
UNDP in Zimbabwe
Development Challenges and Operating Environment
Despite this positive economic trend, the economy is still vulnerable to structural and other risks. These include the non-clearance of the debt arrears estimated at US$7 billion, high public sector wage bill representing 63% of the recurrent expenditure, policy inconsistency especially on implementation of the indigenization law and the outstanding reforms agreed in the 2008 GPA. The Government is taking steps to address some of the challenges and a number of political and economic reforms were initiated in 2011. The launch of the 2011-2015 Medium Term Plan (MTP) and the 2012-2015 Budget Strategy Paper will consolidate the macro-economic stability and put the economy on a strong path of sustainable development that is inclusive and equitable.
There is also momentum to finalize the drafting of the Constitution and a draft has been published and it is anticipated that it will be tabled at the second all-stakeholders’ conference, and a referendum thereafter. The Government has earmarked US$30 million in the 2012 budget to support the implementation of outstanding GPA provisions such as the Constitution-making process, the national referendum and the constitutional commissions.
Consolidating the gains achieved so far will require further solidifying the political and economic reforms agreed in the GPA. This will entail restoration of capacities that were eroded during the crisis period, enhancing the capacity to raise domestic revenue, and the resumption of relations with the International Financial Institutions and bilateral donors in order to access development funds and to strengthen the coordination mechanism for aid and development effectiveness through a strong accountability and partnership mechanisms.
Globally, Zimbabwe remains among the countries with high HIV infection rates; it carries the third largest HIV burden in Southern Africa and has one of the highest rates of premature adult mortality, largely due to HIV related illnesses. Latest estimates place the adult HIV prevalence at 14.26 percent, which brings the estimated number of people living with HIV to 1.2 million, including 150,000 children under 15.
The UNDP CO has spearheaded support to governance reforms, including support to the implementation of key aspects of the 2008 GPA. In 2011, support was rendered to the constitution-making process and to national healing, reconciliation and integration. The two processes reinforce each other in creating a conducive environment for political dialogue necessary for nurturing sustainable peace and development.
Support to constitution-making has covered financial, procedural, substantive and advisory support throughout the lifespan of the process, from consultation, through data compilation and analysis, to drafting. A draft constitution has been published.
UNDP extends support to the Organ for National Healing, Reconciliation and Integration in developing a Code of Conduct for Political Parties to be signed by all the major political parties and has supported the drafting of a policy to establish a permanent peace-building architecture, the National Peace and Reconciliation Council. This support is making a significant contribution to addressing politically motivated violence and has created new platforms for dialogue.
UNDP assisted the Government to formulate a pro-poor and inclusive national development strategy, the 2011-2015 Medium Term Plan (MTP). This is the first economic blueprint in a long time and provides a solid macro-economic framework for consolidating the still fragile gains of recent economic recovery. The successful implementation of the MTP, which is anchored on inclusive growth policies, will bring significant economic transformation. The MTP was extensively used in the formulation of the 2012 Budget.
To advance the principles of development effectiveness for coherent interactions between Government and development partners, UNDP is assisting the Government to put in place an Aid and Development Results Mechanism. The expected long-term impacts of this process is to ensure more transparency, accountability and that both donor and public resources are channelled towards a unified agenda, as defined in the MTP, as well as to ensure national ownership of the development process in Zimbabwe.
Through its principal recipientship of Global Fund, UNDP has supported national capacity building to deal with HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis. Malaria incidence declined from 10.6% in 2007 to 4.9% in 2010; a total of 370,128 adults and children with advanced HIV are currently on ART and 84% HIV-infected pregnant women are receiving ARV prophylaxis to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV; and the survival rate of adults and children on ARV 12 months after initiation improved from under 70% in 2009 to 86.4% in 2011.
The 2012-2015 UNDP Country Programme
Implemented under the overall umbrella of achieving the Millennium Development Goals by 2015, and the national planning tool (the Medium Term Plan), the overriding objective of the 2012–2015 UNDP country programme is to support Zimbabwe in meeting its development goals, that is, delivering on six of the seven national development priorities set out in the Zimbabwe United Nations Development Assistance Framework (ZUNDAF) 2012–2015 document.
Therefore, UNDP will render its support through the following three programmatic areas:
The programmatic areas are derived from the two overarching strategic programme pillars articulated in the Country Programme Document, namely sustaining the momentum on and consolidating governance reforms, and, promoting economic reforms and early recovery for sustainable livelihoods.
Citizen Participation and Good Governance
Economic Management and Sustainable Development
Both areas will contribute to accelerated progress towards meeting MDG targets and economic recovery in Zimbabwe.
Social Sector and Livelihoods
The UNDP focuses its support on piloting innovative and high-impact projects to restore community livelihoods and government structures supporting livelihoods creation through the following:
In addition, based on the UN division of labour on HIV and AIDS, the UNDP will focus its support on strengthening the capacity of national institutions to manage and co-ordinate the national HIV and AIDS response as well as support human rights challenges.
In its role as Principal Recipient, UNDP will provide support to the management and implementation of the Global Fund programme with the aim of contributing to the national goal of
In addition, the Country Office will continue to provide support to the UN Resident Coordinator system and also fully participate in all UN Country Team initiatives. Under the ZUNDAF 2012–2015, and guided by the Joint Implementation Matrix, the UN’s internal implementation tool for identifying joint operationalization activities of the ZUNDAF, the joint work of the UN system will be centred around the seven priority areas of the ZUNDAF. UNDP will either lead, co-lead or actively participate in six of these areas, namely:
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